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Additional Images
Primary Object
Parent Tree Cross
Title/Object Name
Parent Tree Cross
Circa 1925
Orange wood

H –2” W – 1”

Artifact Descriptions
Simple Roman style cross
Artifact Origin Map
Upland, CA
The Collections Citrus | Parent Tree Cross
Parent Tree Cross

Updated: October 8,, 2006

rrank Miller, the owner of the Mission Inn, promoted his hotel in many different ways. The hotel was unique because of the Mission style and its diverse furnishings and art. Many people visiting thought the hotel had been a mission at one time.

Miller and his family collected items that might have been at a mission, including statues of saints, bells from around the world, paintings, and crosses. The collection once numbered more than four hundred crosses of many styles, made from many different materials. A guidebook titled The Bells and Crosses of the Mission Inn provided a description of each bell and cross in the collection. Attached to each cross was a small metal tag with a number. The number of this particular cross is 236. The guidebook says cross 236 is “made from wood of Riverside’s Original Navel Orange Tree," the tree transplanted at the Mission Inn by President Roosevelt in 1903. This tree died in the early 1920s. Legend tells that Mr. Miller had the tree cut up into pieces to be sold as souvenirs. A gavel belonging to the Riverside’s Aurantia Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution was also carved from the same tree (http:// www.riversidedar.org, September 18, 2006).

Online Links & Resources

Aurantia Chapter
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution

California Citrus State Historic Park

Citrus Experiment Station

  • Ainsworth, Ed. (n.d.) Journey with the SUN The Story of Citrus In Its Western Pilgrimage. Los Angeles, CA: Sunkist Growers, Inc.

  • Gale, Zona. (1938). Frank Miller of Mission Inn. New York, NY: D. Appleton-Century Company.

  • Hall, Joan H. (1992). A Citrus Legacy. Riverside, CA: Highgrove Press.

  • Hall, Joan H. (1996). Through the Doors of the Mission Inn. Riverside, CA: Highgrove Press.

  • Klotz, Esther. (1982). The Mission Inn: Its History and Artifacts. Riverside, CA: Rubidoux Printing.

  • Klotz, Esther, Harry W. Lawton and Joan H. Hall, (Eds.) (1989). A History of Citrus In the Riverside Area. Riverside, CA: Riverside Museum Press.

  • Lech, Steven and Kim Jarrell Johnson. (2006). Riverside's Mission Inn. Mount Pleasant SC: Arcadia Publishing.

  • Moore, Barbara. (Ed.). (1998).  Historic Mission Inn.  Riverside, CA:  Friends of the Mission Inn.

  • Patterson, Tom. (1971). A Colony for California Riverside’s First 100 Years. Riverside, CA: The Press Enterprise Company.

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